JEWELL COUNTY, Kansas, is located in the Northern Tier of Counties, immediately south of the Fortieth Parallel, and west of the Sixth Principal meridian. It is 150 miles, on an air line, west of the Missouri river. It is 30 miles square, and is divided into 25 Congressional Townships, and contains 575,000 acres of the finest land in all the "Great New West.'
STREAMS AND TIMBER.
The principal streams are White Rock, Limestone,
Buffalo, Marsh and Brown's creeks. White Rock flows through the second
tier of townships, from west to east, emptying into the Republican river
4 miles east of the county line. It has numerous tributaries, both from
the north and south, which drain almost the entire northern half of the
county, the principal of which are Burr Oak, Walnut and Montana from the
north, and Porcupine, Troublesome, Big Timber and John's from the south.
Limestone has five principal branches, all flowing in a southerly course,
and drains the southwestern part of the county, falling into the Solomon
river 5 1/2 miles south of the county line. Buffalo has three principal
branches, all of which rise near the centre of the county and flow in a
southerly course, forming a junction 6 1/2 miles from the south of the
county: thence running east through the northern portions of the southern
tier of townships and emptying into the Republican river I2 miles east
of the eastern line of the county. Little Cheyenne is also a tributary
of the Buffalo, coming in from the south. Marsh creek has three principal
branches, which rise in and drain the eastern middle portion, emptying
into the Soloman river b 112 miles south of the southern line. All of these
streams have numerous small tributaries, all of which, with the main streams,
are belted with from 10 to 80 rods of timber, consisting of burr oak, ash,
hackberry, walnut, red and white elm, box elder, red cedar and cottonwood.
It will thus be seen that the county is unusually well watered and timbered.
of the county is generally a level and undulating prairie, a narrow line of bluffs running from northeast to southwest, comprising the only rough portion of this "Jewell."
is a rich, black, vegetable mold, from three to twenty feet deep, all underlaid with porous clay. This country giving unmistakable evidence of having once been the bed of a shallow, warm ocean, with low islands, numerous fossils of tropical Vegetation and saurian reptiles having been found.
THE BEST OF WATER
is found every where by digging to depth of from 15 to 60 feet. Fine flowing springs are also numerous.
of excellent quality, is found in great abundance along the banks of all the streams, many kinds of which can be cut into any desirable shape with a common saw.